Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. World Encyclopedia. He asked what had happened to Andromeda, then when he heard, he promptly offered to rescue her by killing the sea monster, but on condition that her parents give her to him in marriage. ." [21], Each November, the Andromedids meteor shower appears to radiate from Andromeda. An oracle (a person through which gods communicated with humans) told Cepheus that the only way to save his kingdom was to chain Andromeda to a rock at the foot of a cliff and let the sea monster eat her. It is one of the largest constellations, with an area of 722 square degrees. [10] The most famous deep-sky object in Andromeda is the spiral galaxy cataloged as Messier 31 (M31) or NGC 224 but known colloquially as the Andromeda Galaxy for the constellation.

[16][17] In 1922, the IAU defined its recommended three-letter abbreviation, "And".

Corrections? [9] Andromeda's panicked father, Cepheus, was told by the Oracle of Ammon that the only way to save his kingdom was to sacrifice his daughter to Cetus. She is typically depicted with α Andromedae as her head, ο and λ Andromedae as her chains, and δ, π, μ, Β, and γ Andromedae representing her body and legs. ." Encyclopedia.com. Appears In Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Encyclopedia.com. Why or why not? Andromeda was a princess in Greek mythology. In the context of ancient history, she is a princess featured in the heroic Greek legends. In Greek mythology, who traveled to the land of the dead in order to find his wife? Her mother boasted that Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids, daughters of Nereus and Doris, and companions of Poseidon; thus, she committed hubris and Poseidon decided to send a sea monster, Cetus, to ravage the lands of Aethiopia. (October 16, 2020). . Her mother Demeter brought famine to the world until Zeus agreed to let her return for part of the year. [10], The Andromeda Galaxy has a total of 15 satellite galaxies, including M32 and M110. Perseus would go on to found Mycenae where Andromeda would be queen, but first, she gave birth to their first son Perses, who stayed behind to rule when his grandfather died. Encyclopedia.com. The story of Andromeda focuses on sacrifice and the dangers of boastfulness.

[63] The shower peaks in mid-to-late November every year, but has a low peak rate of fewer than two meteors per hour. "Andromeda ." Andromeda is the location of the radiant for the Andromedids, a weak meteor shower that occurs in November. The observers of the 2011 outburst predicted outbursts in 2018, 2023, and 2036. Afterward, however, during wedding preparations, the happy celebrating proved premature. While passing by, the hero Perseus (pronounced PUR-see-uhs) saw the chained Andromeda and fell in love with her. ." [62] It earned its popular name because it appears as a faint, round, blue-green object in a telescope, with an overall magnitude of 9.2. It was known as Mulier Catenata ("chained woman") in Latin and al-Mar'at al Musalsalah in Arabic. ." In the context of ancient history, she is a princess featured in the heroic Greek legends. Andromeda, in Greek mythology, beautiful daughter of King Cepheus and Queen Cassiope of Joppa in Palestine (called Ethiopia) and wife of Perseus. Andromeda, the Woman Chained, the Andromede of Aratos, and Andromeda of Eratosthenes, Hipparchos, and Ptolemy, represents in the sky the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, king and queen of Aethiopia, chained in exposure to the sea monster as punishment of her mother's boast of beauty superior to that of the Nereids.. Sappho, of the 7th century before Christ, is supposed to mention her, … Perseus and Andromeda had seven children and remained together for the rest of their lives.

King Cepheus chained Andromeda to a rock in the sea where the hero saw her. . And so Perseus slew the monster, unchained the princess and brought Andromeda back to her many-relieved parents. Cepheus did so, and Andromeda awaited her fate. Phoebus, Apulu (Etruscan) U*X*L Encyclopedia of World Mythology. Poseidon punishes all of Joppa when Cassiopea boasts about her daughter's beauty. [70], Media related to Andromeda (category) at Wikimedia Commons, Constellation in the northern celestial hemisphere, The 41 additional constellations added in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, "Sharpest ever view of the Andromeda Galaxy", "Edwin Powell Hubble – The man who discovered the cosmos", "3D/Biela and the Andromedids: Fragmenting versus Sublimating Comets", "Meteor Activity Outlook for November 19–23, 2011", Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg, The Deep Photographic Guide to the Constellations: Andromeda, Warburg Institute Iconographic Database (over 170 medieval and early modern images of Andromeda), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Andromeda_(constellation)&oldid=985300113, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from EB9, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 04:46. Appears In Andromeda is one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations. [57][58][59] Hubble originally estimated that the Andromeda Galaxy was 900,000 light-years away, but Ernst Öpik's estimate in 1925 put the distance closer to 1.5 million light-years. She was saved from death by Perseus, her future husband.

Perseus argued that the surrender-to-her-death had invalidated the contract (and if he had really wanted her, why hadn't he slain the monster?). Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. World Encyclopedia. Colin Quartermain - Andromeda - 20th July 2016. Today we know of Andromeda as a galaxy, as the Andromeda Nebula, or as the Andromeda constellation located near the Pegasus constellation.

Alternate Names Andromeda was one of the original 48 constellations formulated by Ptolemy in his 2nd-century Almagest, in which it was defined as a specific pattern of stars. Appears In ." Of the stars brighter than 4th magnitude (and those with measured luminosity), Andromeda has a relatively even distribution of evolved and main-sequence stars. Encyclopedia.com. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. . It was designed to honor King Frederick II of Prussia, but quickly fell into disuse. [10][62] Upon further magnification, it is visible as a slightly elliptical annular disk that gets darker towards the center, with a magnitude 13.2 central star. Pronunciation Updates? U*X*L Encyclopedia of World Mythology.

." . Alternate Names [21] NGC 891 was discovered by the brother-and-sister team of William and Caroline Herschel in August 1783. For the Chinese, the northern swath of Andromeda formed a stable for changing horses (tianjiu, 天厩, stable on sky) and the far western part, along with most of Lacerta, became Tengshe, a flying snake.

Lineage Pronunciation However, Perseus once again used the head of Medusa and turned Phineus and his men to stone. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/andromeda. Scholars believe that the Hindu and Greek astrological myths were closely linked; one piece of evidence cited is the similarity between the names "Antarmada" and "Andromeda". [50] M31 is one of the most distant objects visible to the naked eye, 2.2 million light-years from Earth (estimates range up to 2.5 million light-years). [5][50] M32, visible with a far smaller size of 8.7 by 6.4 arcminutes,[10] compared to M110, appears superimposed on the larger galaxy in a telescopic view as a hazy smudge, M110 also appears slightly larger and distinct from the larger galaxy;[50] M32 is 0.5° south of the core, M32 is 1° northwest of the core.

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