As with every new improvisational device, the most important part is getting your ear acclimated to this sound and internalizing the tonality. w w. … Print it off and stick it close to your piano. Upper Structure Major Triads As we've seen briefly in Rock & Pop Devices, basic triads - when placed over non-chord tones - can create sophisticated harmonic/modal implications while retaining a sense of simplicity. Yes there are hundreds of different upper structure triads. I’ll do the first one with you so you can see how the list works: We’re going to look at a triad placed over a dominant chord in a ii – V – I. Each of these creates a different LH texture. That’s a very good question! If you played this pattern over all the chords, it goes like this: If you were to play this over the walking bass line, it would go like this: Now, try this new pattern: 1 2 3 1. The interesting part of this line is the root movement of the implied chords. Just in the key of Gmaj, B7 is the dominant of the minor relative Em who is the most common substitute of Gmaj7, but to say something else, B7, D7, F7 and Ab7 are substitutes because of the diminished family. Example 1: Below, a common voicing used by jazz pianists is given for the chord C7♯9 (C major chord with a minor 7th, and extended with an augmented 9th). (1989). Experiment with the root, 3rd, 7th, and the different inversions. Take an upper structure demonstrated in the key of C and transpose this around the other keys. Like many young men, I was definitely trying to “get my shit in” during the 1-minute or less intros I would create for my instructional videos. We apply to major 251s and in context of 2 well-known jazz standards. These form a tritone which defines the dominant sound, and are the major 3rd and minor 7th of the C7♯9 chord. For a deeper dive of the turnaround progression, checkout our Beginner/Intermediate Jazz Learning Track and Intermediate/Advanced Jazz Learning Track where you’ll learn songs, improv, and soloing techniques over the turnaround progression. This lessons seems complicated but you explained it very well…now i understand perfectly what an upper structure is…gonna print the cheat sheet soon…thks, Glad you enjoyed the lesson Ivan. Select a specific music learning objective to work on. If you play it over all the chords, it goes like this: Amazing, huh?!? Hi Sean, that’s indeed a typo, should be half-diminished. That’s the “identity” that Im referring to…a simple and familiar major triad. Petaluma, CA: Chapter Fourteen -, Last edited on 22 September 2020, at 13:17,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 September 2020, at 13:17. England and Wales company registration number 2008885. It still is not 100% clear to me, but good to see I wasn’t the only one catching the D#.

The lower structure is the vanilla dominant chord voicing, so for C7, we could play root, 3rd and b7, and if you have a wide stretch we can play those notes like this, we could play just the root and b7, we could play just the 3rd and 7th, and we can also invert that 3rd and 7th. Smartsheets use the Soundslice sheet music player to give students digital access to all arrangements and lesson sheet music. All Rights Reserved. According to Jermaine Griggs, “…intervals are the building blocks of chords.” Believe it or not, every chord irrespective of its widthand quality, is made up of intervals.
Lessons sheets break down a song into smaller learning sections. What is an upper structure triad? So that’s the 4 most common upper structures. There was a problem.

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