Antigua and Barbuda is an island sovereign state in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. [11][12] The Spanish did not colonise Antigua until after a combination of European and African diseases, malnutrition, and slavery eventually extirpated most of the native population; smallpox was probably the greatest killer. The country's official currency is the East Caribbean dollar. An absence of mountains and forests distinguishes Antigua from the other Leeward Islands. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. Many of these works feature what are now considered "traditional" motifs, such as pineapples, fish and stylized serpents. Antigua is Spanish for "ancient" and barbuda is Spanish for "bearded". The last elections held were on 12 June 2014, during which the Antigua Labour Party won 14 seats, and the United Progressive Party 3 seats. While Nelson was stationed on Antigua, he frequently visited the nearby island of Nevis, where he met and married a young widow, Fanny Nisbet, who had previously married the son of a plantation family on Nevis. The indigenous people of the West Indies built excellent sea vessels, which they used to sail the Atlantic and Caribbean resulting in much of the South American and the Caribbean islands being populated by the Arawak and Carib. There is also the Antigua and Barbuda Cadet Corps made up of 200 teenagers between the ages of 12 to 18. [12][11] Vere Bird Jr., the elder son, was forced to leave the cabinet in 1990 following a scandal in which he was accused of smuggling Israeli weapons to Colombian drug-traffickers. They also grew Corn, Sweet potatoes (white with firmer flesh than the bright orange "sweet potato" grown in the United States), Chili peppers, Guava, Tobacco, and Cotton. For the islands of the sovereign state, see, Country in the Leeward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean. Antigua may thus disregard the WIPO treaty on intellectual property rights, and therefore the US implementation of that treaty (the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, or DMCA)—at least up to the limit of compensation. It's fun to mix it up—a day spent in a secluded cove, another spent people-watching at a tourist magnet. It's fun to mix it up—a day spent in a secluded … The mission provided high rate telemetry data for the Eastern Range and its space launches. — see talk page], followed by the Carib. Its festive pageants, shows, contests and other activities are a major tourist attraction. Situated at 17°5’N 61°48’W (650 km) southeast of Puerto Rico, Antigua is the largest of the Leeward Islands. [1], About 40 km (25 mi) south-west of Antigua lies the small, rocky island of Redonda, which is uninhabited.[11]. On 13 April 2012, AOB was placed into receivership by the government of Antigua. Antigua lies east-southeast of Puerto Rico, north of Montserrat and Guadaloupe and east of St. Martin, St. Barts, St. Kitts and Nevis. The Antigua Observer is the only daily printed newspaper. In 1729, a man named Hercules was hanged, drawn, and quartered and three others were burnt alive, for conspiring to kill the slave owner Crump and his family. [9], In September 2017, Hurricane Irma damaged or destroyed 95% of Barbuda's buildings and infrastructure and as a result, all the island's inhabitants were evacuated to Antigua, leaving Barbuda empty for the first time in modern history.[10]. Fun things to do: rainforest canopy tours, diving, off-road tours as well as its fascinating and central place in recent Caribbean history through visits to the National Parks such as at English Harbour & Nelson’s Dockyard. The single largest denomination is Anglicanism.

[clarification needed]. (However, some doubts exist about Court's guilt.

The storm damaged or destroyed 95% of the island's buildings and infrastructure, leaving Barbuda "barely habitable" according to Prime Minister Gaston Browne.

[45], Antiguan author Jamaica Kincaid has published over 20 works of literature. According to The Catholic Encyclopedia, the Caribs' superior weapons and seafaring prowess allowed them to defeat most Arawak nations in the West Indies. The capital is St. John’s, on Antigua. For a cultural explosion, called by many the Caribbean’s Greatest Summer Festival, Antigua’s Carnival provides a colorful insight into the culture of the country. [34] Swiss American Bank was founded by Bruce Rappaport. A dockyard started in 1725, to provide a base for a squadron of British ships whose main function was to patrol the West Indies and thus maintain Britain's sea power, was later named "Nelson's Dockyard" in his honour. Most of the Arawak left Antigua about A.D. 1100. The culture is predominantly a mixture of West African and British cultural influences. [37][42], Antigua Overseas Bank (AOB) was part of the ABI Financial Group and was a licensed bank in Antigua. [29], Antigua's obligations to the US in respect of patents, copyright, and trademarks are affected. [22] Many hotels and resorts are located around the coastline. Richards scored the fastest Test century at the Antigua Recreation Ground, it was also the venue at which Brian Lara twice broke the world record for an individual Test innings (375 in 1993/94, 400 not out in 2003/04). Their descendants live throughout South America, particularly Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia. Skyviews Caribbean Maps NAVFAC Antigua was decommissioned 4 February 1984.

More information, Runners from around the world will descend on the third annual Run in Paradise, offering one of the most scenic courses in the world. The ethnic distribution consists of 91% Black & Mulatto, 4.4% mixed race, 1.7% White, and 2.9% other (primarily East Indian and other Asian). Antigua has a population of 96,286,[2][3] mostly made up of people of West African, British, and Madeiran descent.

The island has an area of 108 square miles (280 square km). For the sovereign state that includes the island, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act, Index of Antigua and Barbuda-related articles, "Antigua Culture: Antigua & Barbuda Independence Festival", Judaism and Christian Art: Aesthetic Anxieties from the Catacombs to Colonialism, "For first time in 300 years, there's not a single living person on the island of Barbuda", "A Plan of the Estate Called Jonas's Situated in the Division of North Sound in the Island of Antigua, the Property of Peter Langford Brooke, Esquire", "Antigua's Disputed Slave Conspiracy of 1736". Antigua and Barbuda. In 1632, a group of English colonists left St. Kitts to settle on Antigua.

Antigua was first settled by archaic age hunter-gatherer Amerindians called the Ciboney. The university employs many local Antiguans and the approximate 1000 students consume a large amount of the goods and services. [18][19], In 1995 Hurricane Luis caused severe damage on Barbuda. The majority of the population is of African descent. Summer highs can reach 90 °F (32 °C).

Nearly everyone on the island was evacuated to Antigua. [15][11], The American War of Independence in the late 18th century disrupted the Caribbean sugar trade.

Their traditional system of land tenure is threatened by tourism development.

This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 20:29. [6] Antigua and Barbuda joined the West Indies Federation in 1958. In the years before Antigua and Barbuda's independence, Standard English was widely spoken in preference to Antiguan Creole. [31], Software company SlySoft was based in Antigua, allowing it to avoid nations with laws that are tough on anti-circumvention of technological copyright measures, in particular the DMCA in the United States. There are some differences of opinions as to the relative importance of these causes. Financial-services corporations with offices in Antigua include PriceWaterhouseCoopers. It is one of the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean region and the main island of the country of Antigua and Barbuda. Christopher Columbus was the first European to sight the islands in 1493. Since 1949, elections have been won by the populist Antigua Labour Party. Saint John's; All Saints; Bolands; Parham; Parishes of Antigua … The highest point of a mostly flat terrain is Mount Obama, formerly known as Boggy Peak (1,319 ft/402m), the remnant of a volcanic crater. On 21 December 2007, an Article 22 arbitration panel ruled that the United States' failure to comply with WTO rules would attract a US$21 million sanction.[28]. [46], Clare Waight Keller included agave karatto to represent Antigua and Barbuda in Meghan Markle's wedding veil, which included the distinctive flora of each Commonwealth country. The capital is situated in the north-west and has a deep harbour which is able to accommodate large cruise ships. Manufacturing plays a small role in the economy; most activity involves processing agricultural products and making clothing and textiles and concrete blocks. Some countries, most notably the United States, argue that if a particular gambling transaction is initiated outside the country of Antigua then that transaction is governed by the laws of the country where the transaction was initiated. Cricket is the national sport. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. Most Whites are of British descent. In 1736, an enslaved man called "Prince Klaas" (whose slave name was Court) allegedly planned an uprising in which British slavers would be massacred. Griswold's ameiva (Ameiva griswoldi) is a species of lizard in the genus Ameiva. St. John Medical Centre. Most of Antigua’s inhabitants live in St. John’s. This can be easily seen in phrases such as: "Ent it?"

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