For the first time, a self-professed evangelical Christian had been elected to the nation's highest office, bringing the national awareness of evangelical Christianity to a new level.

In addition, the organization supported increased defense spending, a strong anti-communist foreign policy, and continued American support for Israel. During a 1979 meeting, they urged televangelist Jerry Falwell Sr. to found Moral Majority (a phrase coined by Weyrich[4]).

The accident resulted in changes to the law, placing a moratorium on nuclear plants and curtailing their production. How the Religious Right Shaped Lesbian and Gay Activism, p. 60. Words: 1068 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75328024. For example, instead of coming out directly against homosexuality and gay families, leaders of the Moral Majority defined a family as “two heterosexual parents” which appealed to many conservatives. Omissions?

[50], American Christian right-wing political organization, Establishment and organizational activity, Liebman, Robert and Robert Wuthnow (1983), Lernoux, Penny. The origins of the Moral Majority can be traced to 1976 when Baptist minister Jerry Falwell Sr. embarked on a series of "I Love America" rallies across the country to raise awareness of social issues important to him. The Moral Majority remained a political force during the first half of the 1980s, working at both the state and national levels. Referring to the Coalition as a "21st century resurrection of the Moral Majority," Falwell, a father of the modern "religious right" political movement, committed to leading the organization for four years. [17] The Moral Majority's financial base seriously eroded by the time it became part of the Liberty Federation; its financial difficulties ultimately were a major factor in the decision to disband the organization. Rozell, Mark J. and Clyde Wilcox (2003). The Moral Majority was formed in response to the social and cultural transformations that occurred in the United States in the 1960s and ’70s. With Reagan having reached his two-term limit, the Republican nomination was open to a variety of primary contenders. [13] Such rivalries affected the Moral Majority's grassroots efforts. Just as jumping off a building will kill a person, so will the spread of homosexuality bring about the demise of American culture as we know it". By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A variety of tactics were used to garner support. The evangelical minister and televangelist Pat Robertson sought the Republican nomination and would have been, at first glance, a natural choice for the Moral Majority's support. This was the period when the New Christian Right arose. Fetner, Tina. In addition, the Moral Majority took control of the Old Time Gospel Hour's publication, Journal Champion, which had been distributed to the show's donors. [24], In particular, their anti-homosexual rhetoric that they publicized through fund-raising letters and Christian broadcasting had higher contribution rates than other topics. In 1987 Falwell resigned as president, and around this time several prominent evangelists became embroiled in scandal. [39] Empirical evidence suggests that Falwell's claim about the role of Christian Right organizations in Reagan's victory has some truth, though difficult to determine definitively. [5][6] Joining Falwell in the Moral Majority was Ed McAteer, who the same year, founded the Religious Roundtable in Memphis, Tennessee. For example, state chapters participated in campaigns to oust liberal members of Congress during the 1980 election.

This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 03:50. While not explicitly anti-gay in their public platforms during the 1970s, their internal mobilization as “shared anti-gay sentiment aided in solidifying a collective set of grievances and ideologies, in establishing a collective identity of constituents, and in constructing a hostile enemy against which the conservative Christian activists were to fight[26]”. "A Reverence for Fundamentalism,". [36] According to Jimmy Carter, "that autumn [1980] a group headed by Jerry Falwell purchased $10 million in commercials on southern radio and TV to brand me as a traitor to the South and no longer a Christian. The Moral Majority was predominately a Southern-oriented organization of the Christian Right, although its state chapters and political activity extended beyond the South. The impetus for the Moral Majority was the struggle for control of an American conservative Christian advocacy group known as Christian Voice during 1978. All donations are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law. The accident gave the environmental movement ammunition, as it questioned whether science could … [48], In November 2004, Falwell revived the Moral Majority name for a new organization, the Moral Majority Coalition. [25] They also campaigned for the inclusion of prayer in schools and tax incentives for married couples as protection for the traditional family structure. Consequently, the national organization encouraged local chapters to cooperate with their policies but had little control over local chapters' activities. Despite commonality in religious identification, however, evangelical Christians in general and eventually the newly formed Moral Majority in particular came to be disappointed with Carter's policies. A. descriptive B. informative C. topic D. subtopic E. narrative Answer: A. descriptive. [10][11] The variety of resources available to the Moral Majority at its founding facilitated this rapid expansion, and included Falwell's mailing list from his program, Old Time Gospel Hour. The general public was amenable to the issues the Moral Majority emphasized. Its impact on American politics was almost immediate as it was credited with helping Republican Ronald Reagan win the presidential election in 1980. It was founded in 1979 by Baptist minister Jerry Falwell Sr. and associates, and dissolved in the late 1980s.

Leaders within the Moral Majority asked ministers give their congregants political direction, reminding congregants when to vote, whom to vote for, and why the Moral Majority held particular positions on issues. Updates? A study of voters in the 1984 election showed that more anti-Moral Majority voters voted for Walter Mondale than pro-Moral Majority voters voted for Reagan, suggesting the Moral Majority may have actually had a negative effect on Reagan's campaign. It advanced conservative social values, notably opposing abortion, pornography, the ERA, and gay rights.

Furthermore, they opposed the U.S. Supreme Court rulings that banned institutionally initiated group prayer and Bible reading in public schools (School District of Abington Township v. Schempp) and that affirmed the legal right to abortion (Roe v. Wade). [24] Moral Majority portrayed issues such as abortion, divorce, feminism, gay and lesbian rights, and the Equal Rights Amendment as attacks on the traditional concept and values of American families and tapped into a sense of societal moral decay that resonated with many evangelicals. Fetner, Tina. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The organization energized the religious right—though some opposed its inclusion of Catholics, Mormons, and Jews—and it quickly grew to several million members. Falwell was at the head of the Moral Majority and maintained an advisory board, constituting the organization's primary leadership. Moral Majority Inc. – the organization's lobbying division, which addressed issues on local, state, and national levels. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [2] The number of state chapters grew quickly, with organizations in eighteen states by 1980. The Moral Majority was an organization made up of conservative Christian political action committees which campaigned on issues its personnel believed were important to maintaining its Christian conception of moral law. All of the following statements about a person's moral philosophy are true EXCEPT.

Falwell's decision highlighted the rivalry between Falwell and Robertson as televangelists but also revealed the deep-seated tension that still persisted between competing evangelical traditions – Falwell's fundamentalist tradition was at odds with Robertson's charismatic tradition. See answer Molibr is waiting for your help.

The Moral Majority was founded with strong financial backing already in place. Moral Majority Political Action Committee – the organization's mechanism for supporting the candidacy of people whose political platforms reflected Moral Majority values. Add your answer and earn points. Website by Chittam Technology Solutions, LLC. Opposition to media outlets accused of promoting an anti-family agenda, Opposition to state recognition or acceptance of. The Moral Majority's headquarters were in Lynchburg, Virginia, where Falwell was the presiding minister of the nation's largest independent Baptist church, Thomas Road Baptist Church. [18] Falwell offered an optimistic public opinion about the Moral Majority's dissolution.

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