Adult pacific treefrogs have a dark band extending from the shoulder to the nostril. The Columbia Spotted frog has slightly bumpy skin that is smooth and moist. Photo taken by Brian Gratwicke. Avoiding dangerous toad exposures in the first place is the best way to protect your furry friends. Original Photo, Photo from Flickr Wikimedia Commons used under the Creative Commons license. There are two species of toads that can cause serious, life-threatening symptoms in pets: The Colorado River Toad (Incilius alvarius) and the Cane Toad (Rhinella marinus) both secrete bufotoxins, which can cause irregular heartbeats, changes in heart rate, tremors and seizures. Original Photo, Photo from Wikimedia Commons used under the Creative Commons license. First, it is always best to contact either your local veterinarian or APCC at (888) 426-4435 if you suspect any sort of poisoning or danger in regard to your pet. ( Log Out /  The Great Plains Toad has numerous warts and prominent ridges on its head. Photo taken by J.N. It needs 3 different habitats to match its lifestyle – permanent water for overwintering, floodplains & marshes for breeding & meadows and fields for foraging. Listen to the video below to hear! This toad’s call is a loud wahhhhhh lasting between 1-4 seconds and emitted several times a minute. It can vary in color from brown to green or gray with white and dark mottling on its tummy. The Marine toad (Cane Toad, Giant Toad) is the most common culprit when it comes to toad poisonings. Will your pet be okay? Common Name: Plains Spadefoot ToadScientific Name:Location:Breeding Season: The Plains Spadefoot Toad has a bony boss between its eyes.

It also has shorter legs than the Northern Leopard Frog. There is a conspicuous light colored stripe running down the middle of its back.

There is no dorsal ridge that runs down its back on the American Bullfrog. Original photo, Photo from Flickr Wikimedia Commons used under the Creative Commons license. The throat color ranges to yellow for a male to white for the females. It is found in the southern part of the state.

Take a listen below. The New Mexico spadefoot’s call is a stuttering croak that varies in length and duration with increased temperature. As you can imagine, toads don’t like to be eaten, licked or chewed, so they have a unique defense mechanism—they secrete fluids from their glands to ward off predators. They are locally common but seldom seen as they spend most of their life buried under the soil. Toads are most active early in the morning and at night, so be on alert during these times, especially during the summer after it rains. The Sonoran Desert Toad, which comes out of the woodwork during monsoon season, secrets a potent hallucinogen that proves more fatal to dogs than rattlesnakes. They can be found in pools and ponds or flooding in basins across Utah. Photo taken by Stanley Trauth. ( Log Out /  Original Photo, Photo from Wikimedia Commons used under the Creative Commons license.

They are currently found in many low elevation areas and live in lakes, ponds generally in the water or on the shoreline. It is important to remember that both Cane and Colorado River toads are large in size. It was believed to be extinct until 3 populations were found in Nevada in the 1990’s. Their call is a very nasal waaaaa sound. The Cane Toad is also common as an introduced species across much of the neotropics, from Fiji to Cuba.

Photo taken by Forest Service Northern Region. The females will typically reach 4.5″ with males being less than 4″. Frogs may reach 2″ in length. The red-spotted toad has an unusually high pitched trill which can last 3-12 seconds.

If you live in an area where dangerous toads are found, take your pet into a veterinarian immediately after rinsing out their mouth. Imagine this scenario:  You let your pet out into your yard for a quick bathroom break before bed and as he is jogging along your fence line, he suddenly darts into some overgrown foliage. Listen to it in the video below. The American Bullfrog can be found statewide. Original Photo, Photo from Flickr Wikimedia Commons used under the Creative Commons license. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. The Northern Leopard frog has 2-3 unevenly spaced rows of irregular oval shaped dots on its back. If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out. If your dog eats or licks a toad in most other parts of the US, only minor symptoms would likely be expected. The Colorado River Toad can be found in the southern portions of Arizona, New Mexico and California, while the Cane Toad can be found in Florida, southern Texas and Hawaii. Found in the southern portions of Arizona, New Mexico and California. They can be seen basking on rocks or hiding in crevices.

Photo taken by Francis Eatherington. The sides of its body can range between green – brown – reddish. The good news is that most toads in the United States are only mildly toxic, though their secretions can cause some dramatic signs when they come into contact with a pet’s mouth. 26 Pros thoughts on Fruit Fly Supplementation, Follow The Frog Lady on, Photo from Wikimedia Commons used under the Creative Commons license. The western chorus frog is known for its dark stripe on the side of the body which extends from snout to groin. They can reach 3″ in length and can be found in rocky canyons and streams or burrowing under rocks. These toads breed from April to June in marshes, rain pools and other areas lacking strong current. Dogs especially like to stick their noses in places they don’t belong, and a little creature who hops may be irresistible to your furry friend. But they will often progress to shock and neurologic signs within 30 minutes to several hours, eventually resulting in death. Common Name: Great Basin Spadefoot ToadScientific Name:Location:Breeding Season: The Great Basin Spadefoot toad has glandular boss between its eyes. Have large triangular glands behind each eye. The True Toads are your typical toad.

The Arizona toad will lay its eggs on the bottom of shallow, slow moving streams. The western toad can be found throughout Utah and lives in a variety of habitats including slow moving streams, wetlands, ponds, lakes, etc. Photo taken by Todd Plerson. Common Name: Northern Leopard FrogScientific Name:Location:Breeding Season: The Northern Leopard Frog has fairly large spots all over their body. The red-spotted toad is unique due to its gray or brown coloring and red/orange warts. Photo taken by Brian Gratwicke. Change ). It is currently unknown whether they are still in all of those counties or not. These toads are quite large—up to 24 centimeters in length—and common across Texas, Florida, and Oahu. Check out this page to see all of the United State’s native frogs broken down by state. Western Toad (Anaxyrus boreas) Common Name: Western Toad Scientific Name: Location: Breeding Season: The Great Plains toad can be found scattered throughout the state. As long as your pet is conscious, rinse their mouth out with water for five to 10 minutes using a hose or other running water. The Plains spadefoot is known for its vertically elongated pupil and markings similar to a hourglass on its upper sides.

The plains spadefoot spends most of its life buried in the soil, but will emerge to breed after heavy rains in spring or summer. Their call is a soft birdlike clucking call. Listen to the video below and around 52 seconds you can hear the frog calling. It’s call is like a low and rumbling snore and grunt sound. Photo taken by Brian Gratwicke. Stuart. If dangerous toads are not found in your area, you should still contact a veterinarian, but rinsing out the mouth is usually sufficient to stop the drooling. They can be found in grasslands, sandhills and semi-desert shrubland. Original Photo, Photo from Flickr Wikimedia Commons used under the Creative Commons license. When handled, the toad may emit a twittery sound, puff up and urinate. The Canyon tree frog measures an average of 2″ in length. The initial signs will be similar to mildly toxic toads—drooling, pawing at the face, vomiting. Frogs and Toads of Utah Frogs True Frog Family – Ranidae American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeianus) The American Bullfrog is the largest native frog in the United States. It is a loud, nasal, rapidly stuttering ah-ah-ah. Do not let your pet swallow the water, and DO NOT induce vomiting unless you are instructed to do so by a veterinarian or APCC. They only occur along the rocky stream courses within canyons. If your pet has been exposed to one of these highly toxic toads, getting them in to see a veterinarian immediately is critical. Both genders of the bullfrog croak. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Contrary to the old wives’ tales, toads won’t give you warts, but they may poison your pet. You quickly grab a flashlight to investigate, and find a terrified toad hiding in the brush. Excessive drooling, foaming at the mouth and pawing at the mouth are common signs of ingestion–if a toad is actually ingested, vomiting can occur as well. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Common Name: Canyon Tree FrogScientific Name:Location:Breeding Season: The Canyon Tree Frog lacks a stripe that runs through its eye. This is the distinguishable characteristics of the frog. They can grow up to 8″ in length and weigh up to 1.5 pounds. These frogs are opportunistic feeders, meaning that they will eat anything that fits in their mouth including beetles, ants, smaller frogs – including their own species, birds and even garter snakes. The Great Plains toad has a long trill call that lasts several seconds long and can vary depending on the size of the male and the temperature. Green Frog (Rana clamitans) The Green… Continue reading Frogs and Toads of Utah The bullfrog is unique as it can be found in freshwater ponds, lakes and marshes throughout Canada, United States and as far south as Mexico and Cuba. One important thing to remember is that these dangerous toads only live in very specific areas in the United States. Common Name: Red Spotted ToadScientific Name:Location: Southern part of the stateBreeding Season: The Red Spotted Toad has a small flattened head and body with weak or no cranial crest. DO NOT have ridges or crests on the top of their heads. Be sure to point the hose nozzle from the back of the mouth, to the nose with your pet’s muzzle down so that the water runs out the front of their mouth.

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