The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. I hope that you find this website useful! Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. Consultation with a local expert or regional poison control center should be obtained before administering antivenom. They kill their prey by squeezing it to death using their powerful coils.

In its peculiar locomotion and other adaptations to a desert life, it closely resembles the desert-dwelling vipers of Africa and the Middle East. Being ectothermic (cold-blooded), sidewinders rely on their environment to regulate their body temperature.

Their babies develop inside eggs, and feed off of the yolk sac. The young stay with their mother in a burrow for seven to 10 days, shed for the first time, then leave their natal burrow.

As a result, they turn dark brown.

Activity cycles and foraging behaviors of free-ranging sidewinder rattlesnakes (Crotalus cerastes): the ontogeny of hunting in a precocial vertebrate.

This gives them extra protection from predators. [4], This snake is found in the southwestern United States in southern California, southern Nevada, northern and eastern Nevada,extreme southwestern Utah, most of Arizona, southern New Mexico, and some of Texas. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

World Health Organization (WHO)Avenue Appia 20 1211 Geneva 27, SwitzerlandPhone: + 41 22 791 21 11Fax: + 41 22 791 31 11Website:, American Association of Poison Control Centers (USA)515 King St., Suite 510, Alexandria, VA 22314Phone: (703) 894-1858Email: info@aapcc.orgWebsite:, National Capital Poison Center (USA)3201 New Mexico Ave, Suite 310 Washington, DC 20016Administrative Line: (202) 362-3867Emergency Line: 1 (800) 222-1222Fax: (202) 362-8377Email: pc@poison.orgWebsite:, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)40 Rector Street, 16th Floor, New York, NY 10006 USAPhone: 00 1 212 679 6800Fax: 00 1 212 679 7016Email: info@doctorswithoutborders.orgWebsite:, Global Snakebite Initiative (Australia)P.O.

[11] Risk to life and limb is still significant, as with all rattlesnakes, if not treated as soon as possible after a bite.

Smith and Taylor (1950) proposed "Wickenburg, Maricopa County, Arizona" (USA), while Schmidt (1953) listed the type locality as "Mojave Desert, California" (USA).[1]. It is found in deserts and other areas with xeric vegetation from near sea level to about 2500 m altitude. The nickname ‘sidewinder’ or ‘sidewinder snake’ refers to Crotalus cerastes, a type of rattlesnake. However, in a vast majority of cases, no significant signs and symptoms are noted. Prairie Rattlesnake Crotalus viridis.

This would help protect the eyes from UV radiation, and aid their vision in bright desert sunlight. Pet sidewinders, given the proper care, can live up to 20 years. 1978.

The nickname ‘sidewinder’ or ‘sidewinder snake’ refers to Crotalus cerastes, a type of rattlesnake. [5] In the nominate subspecies, the belly is white and the proximal lobe of the rattle is brown in adults. Sidewinders have an extraordinarily accelerated lifecycle, with natural life expectancies of females of about five years.

All are short (50 cm) and stout with broad heads; some individuals have a hornlike scale over each eye.

Most snakes move roughly in a straight line, with their entire body touching the ground. This can cause weakness, muscle twitching, and paresthesia (tingling sensations). In the southwestern United States, this species is found in the desert region of south eastern California, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, and western Arizona.

The Sonoran Desert sidewinder is a venomous snake that is mostly found in desert sand dunes, dry flatlands, and rocky landscapes having sparse vegetation; The snake may average around 2 feet in length and has a broad head, heavy body that is gray, cream, or brown in color with dark oval-shaped patterns, and a rattle tail ; The Sonoran Desert sidewinder has been reported from some parts … 1500 plates. A sidewinder would use such a burrow for three reasons: As well as animal burrows, sidewinders may also hide out in rock crevices and abandoned mines. Inappropriate temperature and humidity inside the vivarium can cause issues, such as scale rot.

Adults average slightly more than 50 cm (20 inches) but can attain 80 cm. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 95:81-91(11). ProQuest Digital Dissertations: Norris R. 2004. The following methods to help the victim SHOULD NOT be allowed or considered: It is important to note that pressure immobilization bandaging is not the same as providing a tourniquet, which is essentially a constriction of the body part to control blood flow for a certain period of time.

Grosset & Dunlap Inc. 160 pp.

[12][13] This is largely due to the wide availability of antivenom, although estimates for mortality in the early 1900s ranged from 5-25% for all snake bites in the United States.[14].

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